U.S. stock indexes ended mostly lower on Thursday, switching between gains and losses as fears of a pick up in inflation and rising bond yields fostered emerging volatility on Wall Street.
What are the main benchmarks doing?
The Dow Jones Industrial Average
rose 37.32 points, or 0.1%, to finish at 26,186.71, well off its session low at 26,014, when it tumbled by 135 points. Dow components Goldman Sachs Group Inc.
and JPMorgan Chase Co.
led gains, as the businesses of financial firms tend to benefit in a rising rate environment.
Meanwhile, the SP 500 index
slipped 1.83 points, or about 0.1%, to end at 2,821.98, with the consumer-discretionary, materials helping to lead declines, while shares of bond proxies—utilities and real estate—all finished at least 1.4% lower.
The Nasdaq Composite Index
meanwhile, saw the steepest slide, finishing off 25.62 points, or 0.4%, at 7,385.86.
Thursday’s trading action puts the Dow on track to register its biggest weekly fall since Sept. 9. 2016, the SP 500 is on pace for its steepest weekly slump since Nov. 4, 2016, while the Nasdaq Composite is on pace for its worst such trading stretch since June.
On Wednesday, the Dow rose by 72.50 points, or 0.3%, while the SP and Nasdaq Composite inched higher. The moves came as the Federal Reserve kept a key interest rate steady but signaled it is on course to hike rates at its meeting next month.
Check out: Here’s how the Dow, SP 500 tend to perform after a rip-roaring January
What are driving markets?
Market participants say fears of resurgent inflation, which has been sluggish and hanging below the Federal Reserve’s 2% annual target, are beginning to resurface and rattle investors. Signs of tightness in the labor market implies that wage growth, and prices, might pick up sooner than Wall Street has been expecting, compelling the Fed to accelerate its pace of interest-rate hikes.
Underlining the yield climb for bonds, the rate of the 30-year Treasury bond
touched 3% on Thursday, marking its highest level since May as the 10-year Treasury note yield
climbed to 2.78%, marking a fresh three-year high.
Against that backdrop, Friday’s job report will be closely pored over to determine if a tightening labor market translates to higher wages.
What are strategists saying?
“The market doesn’t seem to know which way it wants to go right now,” said Randy Frederick, vice president for trading and derivatives at the Schwab Center for Financial Research.
“Labor shortages all of sudden could mean that inflationary pressures are showing their teeth,” he said. Rising inflation is bad for bonds because it undercuts a bond’s fixed value and can lead to selling, pushing yields higher. Bond prices move inversely to yields.
“And we are already seeing yields rise and obviously that creates problems for equities and that could potentially stifle earnings,” he said.
Robert Pavlik, chief investment strategist at SlateStone Wealth LLC, said reflationary fears may be causing concerns.
“I think the market has been sniffing around for something to get concerned about and I think that the more directionless trade is the more you worry about inflation,” he said.
“The Federal Reserve has given us a clear message that, barring some sort of collapse in sentiment over the next few weeks, March is good to go to lift the fed-funds rate,” said Chris Weston, chief market strategist at IG.
“The narrative perhaps even throws weight to the camp that we would see hikes in the August, September and December meetings, too,” he said in a note.
What data are in focus?
The number of people who applied for unemployment benefits in late January fell by 1,000 to 230,000, keeping initial U.S. jobless claims near a 45-year low. Economists polled by MarketWatch had forecast a 240,000 reading in the seven days ended Jan. 27.
Meanwhile, the productivity of U.S. firms and workers fell at a 0.1% annual pace in the fourth quarter. Economists polled by MarketWatch forecast a 0.2% gain.
The Institute for Supply Management said its manufacturing index in January slipped to 59.1% from 59.3% in December. Economists polled by MarketWatch expected a reading of 58.6%. The IHS Markit manufacturing reading showed that final U.S. PMI steady at 55.5 in January from flash estimates.
Separately, the Commerce Department reported a 0.7% rise in construction spending in December, and a 2.6% advance over the last 12 months. That is the fifth monthly gain in a row and a record high.
Detroit auto makers on Thursday reported underwhelming U.S. auto sales in January, signaling car industry volumes will get off to a relatively muted start even as the broader economy is strong.
Check out: MarketWatch’s Economic Calendar
Which stocks look like key movers?
Shares of online auctioneer eBay Inc.
rose 14% after announcing that it plans to take over crucial payments-processing duties from PayPal Holdings Inc.
as it posted quarterly earnings. Shares of PayPal were shed 8.1%.
Qorvo Inc.’s stock
ended up more than 16% after it reported quarterly revenue that was better than expected. The company, an Apple supplier, was created by the merger of TriQuint Semiconductor and RF Micro Devices.
Facebook Inc.’s stock
climbed 3.3% after the social media giant late Wednesday reported double-digit advertising price growth amid massive changes to its core product. Shares initially dropped as the company’s release revealed a decline in usage of its platform.
Check out: Facebook’s ‘powerful’ ad business means it is time to buy—analysts react to earnings
Apple Inc. shares
closed regular trade up 0.2% as the tech giant was set to report after the closing bell.
See: The $1,000 iPhone X remains the story as Apple’s earnings arrive
Microsoft Corp.’s stock
finished down 0.8% after the software heavyweight posted better-than-expected earnings.
Shares of Hershey Co.
slid 6% after the confectionery maker reported fourth-quarter net income of $181.1 million, or 85 cents per share, up from $116.9 million, or 55 cents per share, for the same period last year.
First Take: Microsoft earnings show Nadella is blazing the right path
What are other assets doing?
ended lower, while Asian markets closed mixed. Gold futures
settled modestly higher, as oil futures
scored their biggest one-day gain in more than a week. The ICE U.S. Dollar Index
weakened for a third straight session.